Biomarkers are molecular or cellular diagnostic tools, measured in biological samples such as blood, saliva and urine. It is used as an indicator to measure and evaluate biological processes, pharmacological response and pathogenic processes. Some of the major types of biomarkers are prognostic, predictive, pharmacodynamic and efficacy response biomarker. A variety of biomarkers are available for biological systems such as immune system, cardiovascular system and metabolic system. Biomarkers are used to detect, predict disease susceptibility and monitor disease progression for infectious diseases, cancer, metabolic diseases, central nervous system disease and autoimmune diseases. Biomarker technologies have its applications in diagnosis and prognostic treatment for exposure of harmful chemicals, drug formulation and development and increasing implementation in disease diagnosis. Many drugs fail in clinical trials due to metabolism, toxicity, absorption, etc. Biomarkers are special tools usually used in clinical studies to determine the effects and desired results of drug in early stages of development. Biomarkers are cost effective and reliable for developing, monitoring and predicting efficiency of drugs.
North America dominates the global market of biomarkers due to increasing demand of aging population for diagnosis and treatment of age related diseases. In addition, higher adoption rate of biomarkers technologies is also driving the growth of biomarkers market in North America. Asia is expected to show high growth rates in the next five years in global biomarkers market. Some of the factors driving the growth of biomarkers market in emerging markets of Asia are increasing research and development activity in India and China, increasing number of contract research organizations and low cost for conducting clinical trials. Read Complete Report..